Origin of Bangla Eighth Part The ‘Banga’ enigma
বাংলার উৎপত্তি অষ্টম পর্ব বঙ্গ
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Europeans have known since time immemorial that somewhere in the east there is a country where the River Ganges flows. Ptolemy’s world map gives testimony to that. Many more, even older references, may be mentioned in that regard. Before the advent of Jesus Christ, some Europeans wrote first-hand accounts of that land. The Greek and Roman empires met the destiny that every empire meets eventually. Subsequently, Europe plunged into a chaotic phase that led to the free downfall of that society.
When Europe regained itself once again and started its journey into what we call ‘modern times', at that time, unfriendly empires emerged between Europe and the land of the Ganges. For various reasons, the land of the Ganges has been something that has attracted the world towards it since time immemorial.
Modern Europeans circumvented the African continent from west to east, just before the end of the fifteenth century and reached India. However, they could not reach the true ‘land of the Ganges’ until they reached the Bengal Basin.
The British got the chance to start ruling a significant portion of the ‘land of the Ganges’ before they placed themselves at the helm of the affairs of the whole country, i.e., India. Ultimately, in that land, they came to know about some ancient literature that started writing a new chapter in history. The Europeans started unearthing an almost forgotten civilization. Whatever progress could be made was due to the progress in the scientific and technological fields. Like many other things, their efforts came to an abrupt end around the middle of the 20th century. From the ancient texts, it could be found that there was mention of a land called ‘Banga’ in the eastern part of India in the most distant past, in the existence of that land. Although some logical, analysis-based explanations have been put forward for the advent of the word ‘Bangla’, with respect to the word ‘Banga’, not much progress could be made. No reason-based or tangible evidence-based explanation of the origin of those words has been put forward to date. For reasons unexplained so far, waves after waves of human migration reached the Bengal Basin, much like the innumerable layers of sediments of Himalayan and Deccan origin, which had been spread over that basin over the millennia. For unknown reasons, the British created a city, Calcutta, in the Bengal Basin, and chose to consider it a second home. Little was in common between Britain and the Bengal Basin to attract the British to create a second home there. Layers of sediment went on redefining the geography of the Bengal Basin, whereas the waves of human migration went on redefining the human society of that basin. Some character-defining basics associated with that basin could not be erased by anyone. The word ‘Banga’ is one of those, ‘Bangla’ being the other. In the case of ancient Indian literature, the interest of the Europeans did not stem from immediate material gain. Now, after the passage of a few centuries, it may be said that those texts had the capability to offer new vistas in the human thought process. Majority of those rediscovering activities took place in and around Calcutta, Bengal. The choice of the word ‘renaissance’ suggests that experts approved the idea that during the forgotten period, that land attained excellence in different spheres of intellectual attainment. Almost at the end of the British occupation of India, Professor Haricharan Bandopadhyay created a dictionary of the Bengali language that explained the origin and grammatical journey of the Bengali words. It may be seen in that dictionary how the Sanskrit language, particularly the Sanskrit grammar, played a pivotal role in the development of the modern Bengali language. For the word ‘Banga', the insight that he provided nearly nine decades ago, could not be enriched by any contributor since then. He personally did not propose any explanation. However, none of those explanations can unquestionably explain the root of the word ‘Banga’ that may be substantiated by tangible and accepted facts. It occurred to Naru that a lot may be at stake. A proper explanation of that word may influence the understanding of the past of that basin fundamentally. A scientific explanation of that word can open up new vistas. He dedicated his life to that pursuit, alone and silently. This book is about the narration of Naru’s journey to untangling the riddle that is associated with the word ‘Banga’. He found the clue that provides a tangible, evidence-based, novel explanation of the true meaning of the word ‘Banga’ and its coming into being. [mehr][weniger]
Stichwörter: Banga, Bangla, origin, utpotti, name, word, বঙ্গ