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Introduction

We have seen several times holidays in Greece. Therefore, it was also possible to observe the changes in the country and people over the period 1986 to 2014 and write down at this point. But there were also significant changes in ourselves, which were reflected in the vacation planning. This influenced our approach to the Greek conditions.

1986 - on the AUTOPUT for windsurfing in Greece

According to my enterprise (1977 I had made with my family on an exciting tour North Cape with a total distance of approximately 5,200 km) there designed our first vacation in Greece in 1986, a veritable adventure holiday. My friend, Generalkonsul Norbert Handwerk had provided us with his House "Mäandros" in Porto Cheli (Peloponnese) available for free. 

 

As the only condition he called the thorough cleaning after arrival and before departure. This agreement was certainly very generous. But but I was not aware of the effort of patience and energy was required to travel with our AUDI 100 and the two surfboards (from my son Jochen and me) on the roof rack with the distance of nearly 3,000 km away. 

 

We started out on Friday, 25 July 1986, full of excitement and excited anticipation of Hildesheim in the Greek adventure. Jochen and I were looking forward to the fantastic surfing in the private cove, the "Mäandros" belonged to the estate. My first wife ULLA did not have good premonitions. This eventually led to our divorce 1989 (after 20 years of marriage). However, a stopover in Munich was once provided where handed us the secretary of Mr. Handwerk smaller items for the house.

 

 

                               Fahrtroute 1986

 

From Munich we drove over Salzburg on the Tauern motorway. Behind Klagenfurt we approached the Yugoslav border. 23 against clock we reached in Ljubljana at the infamous AUTOPUT. This transit route through Yugoslavia to Greece / Turkey  has a total length of 1,188 km and many toll booths. During the Balkan War of 1990 to 2000 AUTOPUT could not be used.

 

  Behind Ljubljana I needed as the vehicle driver a rest break (after a journey time of approximately 12 hours). I spread a blanket on the floor in front of the car and tried to sleep. We had parked our car for safety near a campsite. There was obviously still celebrated with loud music. So intense sleep was not possible.

 

  After a driving distance of about 140 km we reached Zagreb. This name was already familiar to me, because on June 12, 1981 I'm on the local airport (Amsterdam incoming) landed. I was working at the time as Technical Manager in the Dutch branch of the Danish engineering firm NIRO Atomizer (based in Copenhagen).

 

In a new dextrose plant several faults were encountered which could not eliminate my two employees at site.  With my experience as a troubleshooter I was now required. The younger staff picked me up in his rental car and we drove 200 km along the AUTOPUT south to Banja Luka, where was the plant. The solution of the problems was not easy and I could only with a temporary operation to make sure (the beginning of November 1981, I came back for 2 days to convert the system to the proper operation). My first presence lasted until 17 June 1981. Before I left I had to pick up my passport to the Directorate. That was remarkable! 

 

While the abundant free time I also visited the nearby concentration camp JASENOVAC. There were 600,000 Serbs killed by Croats during the 2nd World War. The tensions of this period eventually also resulted in the horrific Balkan War, which lasted from 1990 to 2000.

 

  By continuing our journey we passed on Saturday morning, June 26, 1986, in Belgrade. The city made an impression on me very busy. No more than 4 years later was here and in the wider environment "madhouse" (the Balkan War broke out). Something like that I experienced in 1972 in Argentina. I had at that time in La Plata several socialist friends. While the military coup in 1976 they were mercilessly persecuted and I do not know who has survived from them.

 

  To the City of Nis I can still remember some extent. The scenery was very pleasant and not too mountainous. But this changed, however, on the way to Skopje. This area was very winding and demanded custody of me as a driver - after driving distance of more than 2,000 km - the full concentration. On top of that, it was getting dark and the continue resembled a flying blind! 

 

Fourteen years later (2000) I experienced something on the same kind with my second wife, Jutta Hartmann-Metzger, on our trip through Ireland. Due to a strike we had delayed the car ferry from Brest (France) to Rosslare (Ireland) travel. We met 18 clock in Ireland and then drove across Ireland to Cleggan on the west coast, where we arrived early in the morning to 2 clock in complete darkness. And in an unfamiliar left!

 

This was also a special test for my second wife JUTTA (we had met on 20 February 1996 under very "mystical" circumstances and on 20 February 1998 in a civil ceremony in Hildesheim married). She was so good that I gave her a cerificate "Best Co-pilot of the World" her after the trip. 

 

It occurred when passing in the sense that Skopje was almost completely destroyed on July 25, 1963 an earthquake. 1,070 deaths were lost. With international assistance, the city was completely rebuilt. The earthquake of Agadir of 29 February 1960, with 15,000 deaths the worst natural disaster in the history of Morocco. When the earthquake, the port city of Agadir was almost completely destroyed and also constructed with international support again. We were there from 17 to 29 April 2012 in Agadir and could find no trace of the devastation.

 

  A stone fell from my heart as we on Sunday morning, July 27, 1986, 4 clock safely at the border station in Thessaloniki arrived, we were in Greece and now it could only go better in daylight. A somewhat more complex border control we were relatively calm wash over us. Later I discovered on the penultimate page of my passport a record - both our surfboards and our car (AUDI: License Plate HI-LD 866) concerning. Everything had to be performed again after 4 months at the latest. We stopped a deadline, because we left after 14 days with our car and surfboards the country. We got a nice exit stamp.

 

 

                   Registration on my passport

 

Thessalonki was later (2014) again for me and JUTTA important. This time it was the airport (as in Zagreb), who played a role. At 11 clock 30 (Sunday, 7 September 2014) we arrived in Thessaloniki from Hanover Airport. From there we took the shuttle bus to the Blue Dolphin Hotel at Metamorphosis / Chalkidiki. The trip took 3.5 hours. The final chapter of this travelogue I will go into detail on this week and relaxing holiday. 

 

After a sufficient period of rest, the tour went on the well-developed highway continues south and was very pleasant. We drove past well-known cities such as Katerini, Larisa and Lamia. Only the capital Athens, we let the left. But here led us JUTTA's strong interest in ancient Greece in 2006 but finally out. We took then part in an educational trip that took us over Delphi, the Acropolis to Mycenae.

 

 

                               The Parthenon (2006)

 

Significantly, we drove 1986 on the bridge that crossed the Corinth Canal, seeing nothing of this. Only in 2006 - on the way to Mycenae - has given us as part of our educational journey time for an extensive looking around. Twenty years earlier I was not aware of these treasures of the ancient world. This renewed interest I owe JUTTA (in my youth, I could not read enough about it). So is also to understand that we were at the turn of the year 2003/2004 with a Nile cruise to the treasures of ancient Egypt go.

 

 

                            Corinth Canal (2006)

 

Also, in the Peloponnese was our trip without difficulty. Only we were very thirsty because of the heat. By chance we found on the roadside a small, lonely stand, where we could buy chilled water in plastic bottles. Water is called in Greek "nero" (as the Roman emperor) - we learned. I never forget.

 

  Just before the finish, I arrived at a sloping dirt road and could not continue with my car. Due to the heavy load he was sitting on. I decided to seek the Greek Dimitri tenant to ask him for help. Obviously, we were expected. He came with his blue Mazda pickup and we loaded our luggage around. So was my AUDI 100 without causing major damage again.

 

  Well there we were after three days (Sunday, July 27, 1986, against 15 clock) arrived safe and sound. Such a distance of over 3,000 kilometers that I had not yet mastered. There were always a holiday trips from Karlsruhe to France to the Atlantic coast (La Rochelle) and to the Cote D'Azur (Le Lavandou) at a distance of about 1,000 km away. The aforementioned Tour 1977 North Cape launched in Copenhagen (where we lived since the beginning of the year) and lasted 12 days with appropriate accommodations. Thus, the total distance of 5200 km was relatively easy to deal with.

 

 

 Our AUDI 100 at ALTA / Northern Norway (1977)

 

The landscape around the house seemed very dusty and dry. There were olive and pistachio trees - these fit but my first impression. Also the House "Mäandros" was dusty gorgeous and required a multi-day cleaning.  But these disappointments were offset by the indescribable bay, which belonged to Norbert Handwerks possesion and extending below the house.

 

And then there was the Helicopterlanding area, but was never used in my opinion.  The bay was ideal for surfing. Water temperatures were pleasant and there is always a great breeze was blowing. A wetsuit as in northern latitudes was not necessary. For this unique surfing paradise and for that we had taken this long journey for us. Windsurfing Jochen and I learned on the island of Samso in the Kattegat.

 

 

                   Summer 1983 Samsoe

 

There we could live in a summerhouse of Danish friends and learn with their equipment in 1981 windsurfing. In my former place of residence Gouda / Holland I bought then in September a complete surf gear and spent a lot of time with my son Jochen (with a second-hand surf suit and a children's sailing) on the "Reeuwijksche plassen" (a larger lakes-plate Gouda). The Samsoe holidays 1982 to 1985 I enjoyed with my own surfboard borrowed Jochen. But this surfing exceeded our vacation in Greece in 1986.

 

For shopping and banking I drove to the dusty Kranídion. The scruffy supermarket I still remember. Sometimes I took with Dimitri in his Mazda pickup. After shopping we visited once his relatives in Kranídion who invited us to ouzo already in the morning. It did not stay: There were a total of 7 to 8 pieces together. In the holiday home arrived, I went once to the beach to sleep off my noise. Which of course meant that for a while the home is askew. My second wife JUTTA would have had it fully understands that we love from time to organize a "Ouzo Party". 

 

The small port of Porto Cheli was almost meaningless for us. Once we walked with Dimitri evening on the promenade. Dimitri met a Greek friend who spoke contemptuously of his short shorts. Obviously, there is also in this dusty part of Greece a strict dress code.

 

But there was - in addition to the extensive water sports in the private cove - special attractions for which it is worthwhile to travel to the Peloponnese. With Dimitri, Giotta, his two sons Mello and Anastasian we had become friends despite language barriers. Therefore, Dimitri operated on Thursday, August 7, 1986, as a knowledgeable guide. We packed his and my family in my AUDI 100 (according to German Road Traffic Regulations two people too much) and drove to the first ancient highlight: the famous amphitheater of EPIDAUROS with the ancient Asclepius Clinic.

 

 

               Admission to the museum "EPIDAUROS"

 

Epidauros is the most important ancient place of worship for the god of healing, Asclepius in Greece. It is located on the territory of the present town of Lygourio (district Asklipio, community Epidavros) in the Peloponnese in the region Argolis about 30 km from the town of Nafplio and about 13 km from Palea Epidavros (the small port town for the arrival and departure of the person seeking healing) away. Since 1988 it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

 

 

            Holiday 1986, the Peloponnese / Greece

 

The most impressive and still most prominent building of Epidauros is undoubtedly the large, built into a hillside theater with spectacular views of the mountains of Argolis. It dates from the 4th century BC. AD. (~ 330 v. Chr.), from late classical period and is according to Pausanias the work of Polykleitos be. In particular, the large, semicircular auditorium which is about 170/160 BC. Up to 14,000 people can be present after conversion, also impressed visitors today. We are enthusiastic about the climbing of stairs, impressed of the unique view. 

 

The theater has excellent acoustics, so you can understand from the top rows of each word. This is achieved presumably through the arched shape of the seat down stones. A popular "acoustic test" in the theater of Epidaurus is dropping a coin on the stone slab in the center of the stage ring that can be easily heard by the highest rank. Since 1952, regular classical dramas are again presented and draw - as it was then - spectators from all over Greece in the summer months at Epidaurus.

 

Unfortunately, I should not see again this phenomenal building of ancient Greece, 20 years later during our educational journey. The second stop was the famous historical Mycenae. It had already become very hot and we had under these conditions, about 50 km northwest rearing cover. Giotta that had to do with cancer, was left on the shaded parking in the car, while the rest of the team went to the Greek early history.

 

Mycenae was in pre-classical period one of the largest cities in Greece. According to her, the Mycenaean culture was named. The town was located north of the plain of Argos on a hill. From here on they watched and controlled the land route between southern southern Peloponnese and the Isthmus of Corinth, who then joined the Peloponnesian peninsula with the rest of the mainland. Since 1999, Mycenae, Tiryns and forms part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

 

 

               Holiday 1986, the Peloponnese / Greece

 

Receive and excavated include today the ruins of the Mycenaean Upper Town. Noteworthy are the remains of the Cyclopean city walls and the Lion Gate. It was named after the two lions, which are shown on a relief above the gate input, and formed the main entrance to the castle. Presumably, the gate was built in 1250 BC. A second smaller, but not entirely preserved gate without gemstones is located in the northern part of the ancient system.

 

 

                         The Lion Gate (2006)

 

Of great importance are two large grave circle (A and B), which were characterized by steles. In the grave circles each found a number of shaft graves with very rich grave goods such as terracotta, pottery, gold masks, jewelry made of gold foil, etc. In five shaft graves were 17 bones (mostly men) to find. Grave circle A, which has already been discovered by Heinrich Schliemann came in later extensions of the castle in the castle wall.

 

 

 

              Holiday 1986, the Peloponnese / Greece

 

Grave circle B has only been excavated in the early 1950s. In it they found even older graves than in the grave circle A. They date from the late 17th or early 16th century BC. And are thus at the very beginning of the Mycenaean period. The earliest graves of grave Runds A, roughly dating from the mid-16th century. BC.

 

These impressions in 1986 were so overwhelming to me that it needed only a catalyst in the person of my second wife JUTTA to me with antiquity intense - but with a ten-year delay (1996 I had the "mystical" encounter with JUTTA in Hildesheim) - to address. Only now did for me trips to Rhodes (2001), to Crete (2005) and the "search for clues in Ancient Greece" (2006) sense. Also to outside Europe, we undertook educational journeys: India (2007), Kenya (2009) and China (2011).

 

The conclusion of our culture trip was the port city of Nafplio. We had to travel 20 km to the south. Dimitri gave instructions to take the fortress Palamidi. From there you had a wonderful view of the city, the beaches and the harbor. During the formation of Travel (2006) we were in Nafplio. I would like to JUTTA shown this view. Unfortunately, we only visited the streets near the harbor!

 

The city proper has 14,203 inhabitants (2011) and was from 1829 to 1834, the provisional capital of Greece. The town of Nafplio was last increased significantly by incorporations in 2011 and is home to 33,356 inhabitants.

 

Nafplio was a year besieged during the Greek War of Greek revolutionary troops and finally conquered in December 1822. From 1829 to 1834 Nafplio was Aegina (1827-1829) was the second capital of modern Greece after independence from the Ottoman Empire. 1833, the city became the residence of Otto of Bavaria, who was a Greek king. In 1834, the Court moved to Athens, which has since the Greek capital.

 

 

               Holiday 1986, the Peloponnese / Greece

 

After so much history and considerable temperatures we were looking for in a small forest below the fort a cool picnic place. The folding camping chairs we had there and our ladies were already employed prior to departure with the right diet. Also for cool drinks was taken care of.

 

 

                  Sunrise over the Bay (1986)

 

The holiday house "Mäandros" had another stimulus, because of the terrace you could watch the sunrise over the bay in the early morning. Since my travels in South America (1972) I was able to inspire sunrises and sunsets. Under the title "Impressions" I have a picture book designed (with shots around the globe).

 

 

             Holiday 1986, the Peloponnese / Greece

 

On Monday, August 11, 1986, our beautiful and impressive holiday season had ended. The tenant Dimitri and his family we had befriended. They invited us to spend Christmas with them in Athens. Fate has it then changed his mind wanted with us, I experienced an economic crash that led to our divorce in 1989. Only JUTTA helped me in 1996 to bring back into my life right. When we went to visit our educational journey in 2006 by Greece and Athens, I had the friendly Tenant couple - to my regret - forget it.

 

On the way back we came apace (also because we were able to pass the difficult mountain stage of Thessalonki to Skopje at day time). Late tursday evening, August 12, 1986, we were already on the Tauern motorway. Surprisingly, I found a private lodging in Flachau. To Munich, there were only 200 km long. We arrived sweaty and dirty and were on Wednesday morning, August 13, 1986, transformed, because the shower and change of clothes worked wonders.

 

In Munich I gave Generalkonsul Norbert Handwerk from three 10-liter container of olive oil from its Greek property. 1.5 hours we talked about our holiday experiences and his difficulties with the tenants who supervised his plantation before Dimitri. He knew of Giotta's cancer and tried to help her. From him I learned that he has the blue Mazda pickup Dimitri given.

 

As we left the office of his film production company Island 12 clock, I had no idea that we had seen one last time (he died in 1991 of heart failure) - as Dimitri and his family. The onward journey is quickly told: In Söllingen near Baden-Baden we got Ulla's mother and then went on to Hildesheim. We arrived there on the evening of August 13, 1986. An exciting and dangerous adventure we had arrived safely.

 

2001 - go on the ramparts of RHODES

Upon your approach, on Thursday, October 4, 2001 at 8 clock, I could make a big difference to the landscape in the Peloponnese, where we had spent our 1986 Windsurfer holiday. In particular, the northern part of the island was densely built. After the later 2011 census the island had 115,490 inhabitants, of which almost half of Rhodes Town, the main town and tourist center in the north of the island.

 

The island of Rhodes is also known as a surfing paradise. After extensive surfing holiday in 1986 was an almost 10 years break until I ventured to the Giftener ponds in Sarstedt back on my surfboard. With our move in 1998 to Itzum (a district of Hildesheim) my surfboard forever disappeared in the basement. Therefore, we only had swimsuits in our luggage.

 

My friend and advisor, Prof. Dr. Dr. Heutger, belonged to the Templar Order (such as the Knights a former Crusader Medal) to (he died in 2008 Curacao). This gave me an interest in the Knights of Rhodes. The Order of St. John was built after the conquest of Jerusalem in the First Crusade in 1099. After the expulsion from the Holy Land by the muslim warriors took place from 1306, the relocation of the Order of St. John Rhodes. 

 

1306 joined the Genoese Vigniolo de 'Vignoli, who (in the eastern Aegean island group) had different areas in the Dodecanese and wanted to build on the still formally belonging to the Byzantine Empire Rhodes own rule, a contract with the Order of St. John. For their assistance in the implementation of his political plans, he secured the Knights under its former Grand Master Fulk de Villaret to its own territory on the island.

 

Diplomatic hedged through the support of the Pope, the 1307 should award them an everlasting Rhodes property, the Knights began the systematic conquest of the island. Besides Byzantine troops there were also several Genoese competitors Vignolis and even a group of Turks who oppose them. Therefore, the seizure of Rhodes took several years and ended with the conquest of the Greeks, the political disempowerment of the Genoese and the Turks.

 

After the Byzantine commander had besieged the island's capital, passed in 1309, the conquest of Rhodes was essentially complete. Rhodes town was heavily fortified in the aftermath of the Knights of St. John and defends against various attacks from the surrounding Muslim countries. 1440 to 1444 it withstood the attacks of the Mamluks under Dschakmak, 1480 a large-scale attack of the Turks. Only under Suleiman the Magnificent was the island fortress of 1522 after several months shot ripe for attack by the Turks with heavy artillery, whereupon the Knights capitulated under their Grand Master Philippe de Villiers de l'Isle-Adam and New Year 1523 island towards Malta left.

 

 

                           Old Town

 

The Old Town of Rhodes is still surrounded by its 4 km of the medieval city wall, which is the land side bordered by a 2.5 km long moat. 1988 declared the entire old town to the cultural world heritage by UNESCO. We were ready to conquer the fortress again - but lacked JUTTA, the right clothes, because of  temperatures above 25. C had not expected in October. As our hotel Delphinia Resort was located in Kolymbia, we used a straightforward manner the usual suburban bus to Rhodes town (distance about 25 km at a 3/4 hour drive) to a shopping spree in the old town. The next day we visited the medieval Rhodes.

 

 

                                  Map

 

The Crusader fortress in Rhodes with the Grand Master's Palace and the Knight Street led us to a bygone age. The large balls of the Turkish conquerors were still visible in the moat. So we could remind ourselves, the force with which the all-powerful, Turkish armies are assailed against the desperate, small group of gallant defenders. The situation of the Hospitallers was hopeless. After posting the fortress all knights were in a ship - as already described - leave the island.

 

 

                         Fortification

 

 

                         Fortification

 

Cringe left us the idea that the Mandriki port then the privateers of St. John anchored on which Muslim prisoners of war were in chains as galley slaves. This does not have much to do with Christianity. But but you have to make it clear that the Turks Deten applying similar methods on their ships and captured inserting Christians as slaves. The raids were primarily merchantmen Ships for victims who were supplying the Hospitallers.

 

 

                            Mandriki Port

 

The Turkish rule lasted until May 1912. Italy occupied during the Tripolis war on May 4, 1912 Rhodes, and subsequently other parts of the Dodecanese. This meant that Rhodes was not affected by the Greco-Turkish Agreement of 1922 which provided for the forced resettlement of the Turks of Greece to Turkey and the Greeks of Asia Minor to Hellas: On Rhodes therefore, there is still a Turkish Muslim minority. So you will also find an interesting, Turkish cemetery, which refers to the former owners of Rhodes.

 

 

                           Turkish Graveyard

 

Since the Italian occupation (1912-1943) the harbor entrance is bordered by the statues of a stag and a doe, which are considered new landmark of Rhodes and the legend are the site where were the base of the Colossus of Rhodes in ancient times. One of the statues, however, was replaced by the Roman Capitoline Wulfe. The remote figure got a new place on a small base on the outskirts of the Mandraki harbor.

 

 

                   The Grand Master's Palace

 

The Grand Master's Palace was badly damaged by a munitions explosion in 1856. During the Italian rule (1912-1943) the reconstruction (until 1940) was a significant increase. This reconstruction is seen today as part of the politically determined monumental building program of fascism in Rhodes partly critical. Received original is still the entrance with its impressive towers. The newly built palace was intended as the residence of the Italian king and later as the seat of Benito Mussolini. Both did not get around to use it as such. Today it houses the Archaeological Museum of Rhodes. The way to the Grand Master's Palace led over the knights road that put us in the middle ages again. There the various country teams met among the knights in the relevant meeting rooms. A gate led to the Hospital, which have operated at the time the Hospitallers.

 

From the monastery Tsambika out, beautifully located on a hilltop and can be reached only after a sporting effort, you can get a breathtaking view over the Bay Tsambika enjoy (I did on Wednesday, 10 October 2001 bold). This bay is one of the most beautiful sandy beaches of the island of Rhodes. Since the whole area belongs to the church there are no hotels or large restaurants are allowed - what the bathing enjoyment certainly is not detrimental.

 

 

                      Tsambika Bay

 

The Tsambika Bay is a mile-long natural bay. It is located on the east coast of the island of Rhodes. Located between Kolymbia and Archangelos, it is about 30 kilometers from the island's capital, the city of Rhodes. From our hotel in Kolymbia so she was only a short distance (about 5 km). In the morning we used from the shuttle bus from Kolymbia, since we do not know the way. In the afternoon we wandered the hard way back (due to heat). For the walk back to the hotel took us 1.5 hours. On the way we visited a small chapel. The black-clad guardian allowed us to visit the church. For entry we bought several victims candles.

 

 

                          Icons in the chapel

 

According to legend, fishermen on the beach of the bay found an icon. This wondrous, as always repeating, fund motivated the creation and construction of the monastery Tsambika the north of the bay, followed by a steep slope.

 

 

                   View from the Mountaintop

 

The Tsambika church on the mountain peak altitude of 700 meters (with the great view of the bay Tsambika) it had done to me. Early in the morning (8 clock 30), on Wednesday, we were on our way. It was also at this time already considerably warm. On a plateau where there was a small church, we took a short rest. Then I marched on alone. At 10 clock I was on top of the mountain (particularly stressful were the last 300 steps to the Monastery input). I was rewarded with a magnificent view to Kolymbia and Tsambika Bay.

 

 

                        Lindos Bay

 

The place Lindos (55 km from Rhodes town and 30 km from Kolymbia) attractively located with the Acropolis is a listed building and can be seen on the back of a donkey. The small bay is explored firmly in the hands of the English, tolerate their travel companies no German competitors in Lindos. While there is no traffic in Lindos - still caravans are of tourists in the narrow streets, in which a shop next to the other strings, go. We arrived at Lindos again with the overland bus. On the way to the bus station we visited the Orthodox church of the Panagia in which not photographed and women had to wear a cape.

 

 

                                  Kamiros

 

Kamiros (or Kameiros) was next to Ialyssos (or Ialissos) and Lindos one of the three cities of ancient Rhodes. From the city an extensive excavation field has remained on the west coast of the island, which is a clear example of an ancient (Hellenistic) City plant. 1000 BC Kamiros was founded "Ionian migration" of Dorian Greeks in the course of. In the city lived in the 6th century BC. Chr. Peisander the epic poet. After an earthquake, the city lost heavily after the founding of Rhodes Town in importance, built completely new and planned in the Hellenistic period was. .. 139 AD was again destroyed by an earthquake and apparently not rebuilt Kameiros; Ceramic finds, however, show that the place was finally abandoned in the 4th century.

 

The city was not attached. There are a Doric temple in antis double, a courtyard with fountain, houses with peristyle (rectangular courtyard), at the highest point a Hellenistic Stoa (doctrine) with original double row of columns and the remains of a Doric colonnade temple of Athena. The living quarters clay pipes are still visible for water supply.

 

 

                                  Kamiros

 

The drive to Kamiros was a real adventure tour. In Rhodes town we wanted to change against 10 clock. We waited in vain, because the bus driver had decided to go on strike from 10 to 12 clock. There was then again a shift to 13 clock 30. This waiting time we used to dine in the Nea Agora (the "New Market" with numerous small shops). A fully air-conditioned bus took us 14 clock 30 free after Kamiros with. After an hour we went out and had to 17 clock time for the ancient complex. From the off cisterns that are above the settlement, we enjoyed the view and came into raptures.

 

 

                   Fish market in the Nea Agora

 

How Lindos is the seaside resort of Faliraki (10 km from Kolymbia Rhodes and towards town) in English hands. We found it there too hectic and too loud. And we were glad when we were back in our quiet resort Delphinia Resort in Kolymbia. Actually, we had to also go to Faliraki, just because of further DIA slights. I had 7 DIA films brought (which had been used) and required for scheduled recordings must have a DIA film. In Kolymbia he was not going to get. In the 3rd photo shop in Faliraki I got a super expensive Fuji film (3,200 drachmas = 18.- DM). So I managed a nice shot of a sunrise on the beach of Kolymbia. Now we calmed down - with many beautiful impressions - the flight home (Thursday, 18 October 2001) compete in Hanover.

 

 

                          Sunrise in Kolymbia 

 

The considerations about our different holidays in Greece under the motto "Landscape and Culture" in transition. In this holiday we could see a significant change, because the landscape - a very densely populated - at least in the north. Striking were the many tourists who were treated partly very unfriendly by local staff. For me, the theme was "The Knights Hospitallers of Rhodes" of great interest and I collected relevant material for an informative presentation DIA. This took place on 17 January 2002 in Gustav Brandtsche- Foundation in Hanover. I had my friend, Prof. Dr. Dr. Heutger, invited. He was thrilled.

2005 - the impressive Palace on Knossos in CRETE

             

                    Hotel Beach Creta Royal

 

Write review my wife, Jutta Hartmann-Metzger, 2005, the Senior Magazine OLDIES Hannover under the title "CRETE - Island of ZEUS and EUROPE" written. The response was very positive. So I want to take their part unchanged. What can not be taken from her report, is the great disappointment with her digital camera. She had made great shots and when I was trying to read the images at home on the computer, the memory card was broken (what a disappointment!).

 

When we chose Crete as a holiday destination this year, we were looking forward to "the island" on which people are years older than in Germany. It wait a total of 300 days of sunshine a year to the guests of the island. Prima. Our starting point was Rethymnon and a hotel of the upper middle class (12 km outside Skaleta).

 

We believe in Greek mythology, Zeus himself as the Libyan princess Europa on the island of Crete, and begat among other things, the future King Minos with her. Minos, who wanted to demonstrate his divine descent, requested of Poseidon, god of the sea, a bull. Poseidon granted his request with a request that this magnificent bull to be sacrificed in his honor.

 

Upon receipt of this bull but thought no more about King Minos to sacrifice the gift to the god Poseidon. In his anger Poseidon saw to it that the Queen Pasiphae felt, passion for the bull. From this union sprang the Minotaur. Half man, half bull, he was imprisoned by Minos in the labyrinth of Knossos Palace. Every 7 years human sacrifices were supplied to him from the mainland. Only Theseus was able to penetrate with the help of Ariadne and the famous thread into the interior of the labyrinth and killed the monster.

 

 

                       Hotel Creta Royal

 

Today Crete is the largest island of Greece (8333 km²) and the southernmost of Europe. It is considered the birthplace of the Minoan civilization 4,000 years ago and is the cradle of all European culture. Due to its strategic location in the western defense alliance is there a major missile and naval base. Our first trip takes us to Rethymnon (th - english spoken). Rethymnon, with 20,000 inhabitants, is the most oriental city on Crete with its numerous minarets and mosques. Most likely to succumb to the charm of the city in a journey through the streets of the old town to the picturesque harbor and its origin falls into the main heyday of the Venetian era.

 

A visit to the monastery of Arkadi leaves its mark on its visitors. In 1866 went hundreds of Cretans, including women and children, voluntarily into death, in order not to arrive during the siege by the Turks in the hands of the enemy. After a long swim program at the beach and at the pool, we embarked on a photo safari, the us - led down to the southern part CRETE - to the White Mountains and the Imbros Gorge over. First to Francocastello - followed by a visit to the Monastery of Preveli. The day ended with a beautiful sunset on the beach of Plakias - a beach, the preferred destination already in the 70s of the so-called "hippies" was. I myself was also at that time this awful nice platform shoes, flared pants, polo shirts with a rounded collar and a flower in her ear. For us it is always important to take breaks (eg at the pool) to exchange us about our impressions.

 

 

                        Coachman in Chania

 

  While I firmly believe that the experiences in brief, I leave my husband fully responsible for the choice of motifs during our entire trip. So this time. Now you can shop with us through Chania (65,000 inhabitants). Around the Venetian harbor you will find historical and picturesque neighborhoods (Topanas quarter) and meet people in the maze and maze-like streets. They are about the variety of offerings of fruit, vegetables, fish, meat and spices in the market hall of Chania, which is located in the central square, amazed. But do not forget to enjoy an authentic Greek coffee in one of the many coffee shops that - contrary to all information - can also be attended by women.

 

 

                         Mosque in Chania 

 

Slowly we come to the main part of our trip and finally and ultimately leads us to Heraklion (125,000 inhabitants). Since 1972, capital CRETE offers more hidden treasures among the attractions of the town center, which is located within the fortress walls from the Venetian period. It borders on the fishing port and the citadel Koules, where there is also the grave of Nicos Katzantzakis (author of "Zorba the Greek"). A visit to the archaeological museum with its fascinating collection of Minoan times is an absolute must. The Knossos Palace itself with its labyrinths, its excavation and reconstruction of the Englishman Sir Arthur Evans (born 1851 - died 1941.) Is due to roughly 8 km away. Guided tours are recommended and in good hotels bookable in advance.

 

 

                   Painting in the Knossos Palace

 

 

                           Knossos Palace

 

 

                           Knossos Palace

 

As a conclusion, a visit to the mountain village Anoghia in our program. I think it's always important to establish contact with the country and its people living there. I was surprised that even in a small village in the mountains, the time has not stood still. In addition to the usual police and ambulance stadium you will also get money from the ATM. You can also sense here that makes a proud Greeks: a sense of family, idealism, joy of playing and socializing, political discussions, awake curiosity and enjoyment of the moment. On Crete you find all these qualities, just .... everything is a little harder. Incidentally, the Anoghia was completely destroyed during the second world war by the German Wehrmacht.

 

To round out my article would be more to report that Cretan olive oil and honey are very popular souvenirs; also sheep wool sweaters. However, sheep and goat farming in time cause serious damage to the vegetation. If you think, but this is a nice, big bird there on the tree, you can assume it is a goat. But do not forget and also gold and silver jewelery precious lacework, mostly dressed in black older women of the village are sitting in the sun and grandchildren herding, customized. Did you know that to grow CRETE 35 million olive trees? I hope we were once again able to give you some suggestions for a relaxing and interesting holiday. 

 

2006 - clues in Ancient Greece

 

                Ferry in the harbor of Nea Styra (Evia) 

 

Again JUTTA has written an impressive trip report that I have not been changed. The hotel and the island was a gigantic disappointment for us. Two years before the 2008 financial crisis and the near-bankruptcy could see very well that the Greeks had completely lost touch with a courteous behavior towards the tourists. We felt really ripped off - without reasonable consideration. But JUTTA formulated in great detail, but the more times quoted educational trip was a memorable win: 

 

After Crete Evia is the next largest island with about 165,000 inhabitants. Tourist still not as developed, it naturally has in this area substantial shortcomings. Nevertheless, Evia offers good opportunities to start from here to the ancient sites of Greece and to come up with rest and relaxation in return. Evia still distinguished by their original Greek charm.

 

Our main travel theme this fall was the search for clues in ancient Greece. After 3½ hours flight from Frankfurt to Athens (a feeder flight took us from Hannover to Frankfurt) and the somewhat strenuous transfer: Athens - Agia Marina Port - Ferry Evia-Nea Styra is it to acclimate in our 4-star hotel. Two days you should take take time for relaxing time as our already  in Germany booked excursions are also not without their season.

 

The first stage leads us once about the most interesting places on the island. These include churches, monasteries and medicinal springs. Often isolated, helps us a well informed and a German / English speaking tour guide to the destination. But well labeled trails allow us the clear design of the days we spend on the island. It is a rich flora and fauna gives us. We find pistachio trees, wine, bay leaf, thyme, chaste tree, rubber tree, olives, rosemary, eucalyptus, castor bean, mulberry and cotton fields. Our noses take on the beguiling variety of odors.

 

You can get enough of smell in the truest sense of the word. Goats and sheep, deliver their milk, the typical basis for the feta cheese, the island image shape as well as foxes and rabbits, but these are chased with the shotgun. On Evia some families living from fishing, the beach front hotel offers a restaurant connected with a good source of income for the entire family. Geological deposits are mainly copper and marble. The marble from Evia was used in the construction of the four pillars of St. Peter's Basilica. The visit of a Greek Orthodox church service allows deep insight into the religious community life. Women and men do - grouped separately - participated. Nothing is intended to pure meditation that has its place and its determination bother. Similarity can be found in other religions during the service.

 

After our first day exploring the island tour you will visit us Delphi. From our hotel in Nea Styra from, we first went to the west coast to the Island Capital Chalkida. Then we traverse a bridge over the narrowest point of the sea. To the north it goes along the national road that Athens connected with the North. There we see many iconostasis. These are small chapels, equipped with an icon, a bottle of oil and an oil lamp, to remind the roadside in a tragic car accident. In this case, the occupant came either to death or giving thanks on this way for survival.

 

Passing the modern Thebes we approach Boeotia, one of the most fertile regions of Greece. Today Thebes was built on the ruins of the ancient city (356-323 BC) and 335 BC Alexander, son of Philip II of Macedon (382-336 BC) destroyed the place. It was already inhabited 4000 years ago. Thebes was a great venue Greek tragedies. According to the historical tradition of the War of the seven generals from Argos against Thebes took place here. According to Greek mythology, Zeus here with the earthly mother Semele the god of wine - begotten Bacchus or Dionysus. Semele, however, was struck by lightning when her Zeus was seen in a suit of armor. Also Oedipus (King of Thebes) was in this plane home.

 

In Boeotia we find wide cotton fields, because Greece is to North America, Egypt and Turkey's fourth largest exporter of cotton. Greek tomatoes, beans, olives, peppers, peaches, peppers, melons, lemons and oranges are grown here and also made available on the international market. In a short rest we taste the Retsina - a wine that is used in the production of which pine resin. It is the house wine of the Greeks. either you like this wine immediately or only after the fourth or fifth glass.

 

 

                      Treasury of the Athenians 

 

The olive branch is a sign of peace and harmony and was also presented at the Olympic Games to crown champions. Also, Delphi is like an island in an olive grove. Earlier this site was dedicated their patron Apollo - today it is a great excavation site. On the way we stop again for a short rest in the village of Arachova. A mountain village, such as carved seems to hang on a mountainside and therefore is listed there. Right before us the 2400m high mountain massif of Mount Parnassus. Formerly a sacred mountain - Apollo (god of light and the Muses consecrated) - is the Parnass today a very popular ski resort.

 

 

                      The Temple of Apollo 

 

We are approaching Delphi. 2000 years ago here was Gaia, worshiped the Mother Earth. From a fissure occurred vapors to the surface, which advised the priestess Sybilla in a trance and let prophesy. Apollo (often represented with the dolphin) took a fight with Python (the serpent son of Gaia) which won him expelled them from the shrine and thus founded a new cult. The high priestess called Pythia from now on. The site and the oracle was named in reference to the god Apollo, who is often depicted as or with dolphins, Delphi. The site was discovered about 100 years ago. The activity of the Oracle of Delphi was until 390 AC. By the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius I. prepares an end. But even today, Delphi is visited by thousands of tourists. Not the prophecy sake, but to stand on mystical historic ground in consciousness.

 

 

                   Sanctuary of Athena 

 

So, now it is time for a bath and pool tag in our resort. However, you can feel here in Evia the impact of the fall storms that have caused havoc in Crete. After two days, but it is us as an active couple (50+) boring and we look forward to the next part of our trip package.

 

We already start in the early morning and our goal is Athens. Of the 11 million Greeks who live in Greece, have about 4 million to her home in the Athens area. A three-room apartment (65 m²) costs about 500, - Euro rent (without extra costs). Assuming that the average Greek only 800, - Euro earned net, so you can imagine that life in this vibrant city is only possible if a family both partners work and strive for affordable housing. Overall, it is built wherever space - therefore, it's cramped everywhere right.

 

 

                    Changing of the guard 

 

The most famous destination is the Acropolis with the Parthenon (Temple). Here was worshiped the goddess Athena (BC. 500) already in the early historic period was also the name of the city. If we look into the northern direction from the Acropolis, so we can see the Areopagus. In the early days of Athens, he served as the venue of political and judicial decisions. Later, the platform of this small, mountainous increase was the apostle Paul. Paul gladly gathered people around him, he could preach the gospel. Not always successful with that, he left Athens to continue in Corinth with his Great Commission. Let our gaze wander towards the east, we see the Hephaestus Temple - built on the Agoraios Colonus. The temple is one of the best preserved archaeological sites in Greece and was 449 BC. Built in the Doric style. The Doric style is easy to recognize with the part of the of capitals (upper end of the column). As the "Doric" square accounts are referred to as ionic capitals with worm-patterns are provided right and left.

 

 

                                 The Parthenon

 

 It is once again time for a day at the pool. Despite the wind and not very hot temperatures we can "dangle souls" our. That reminds me of how nice it is to have a partner by your side, with which one can reflect all the impressions. 

 

The next excursion takes us to the marathon level. Here the decisive battle of the Greeks against the Persians took 490 BC. The joyful news of the victory of the Greeks over the Persians was brought by a runner to Athens. He put back to a distance 42.2 km - announced the news of the victory - then burst in exhaustion and died. Because of this calamitous event, we run here in memory of and as a reminder for us one kilometer each other in the footsteps of ancient history - but really just a kilometer! A very beautiful sight when it is created here Marathon reservoir lake. The dam is entirely covered with marble and can be reached by car or bus just cross each in one direction.

 

 

                              Corinth Canal 

 

I would now like to make you familiar with the Corinth Canal. He was dug in the ground and is exactly 6,343 m long, 25 m wide and its walls are up to 80 m high. Only small ships can only 8 m deep channel happen. The canal connects the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf. French-led the construction of the canal was completed in 1893. Corinth itself is a small provincial town not very significant today. She has been rebuilt from 1858, as part of the original Corinth have been several times by earthquakes. But there are still remnants of Ancient Corinth, whose visit worthwhile.  

 

Ancient Corinth was famous for its pottery and bronze wares. In the period from 630 to 590 BC Corinth was of Periander, one of the seven sages of antiquity governed, and here the form of Doric temples and pillars was done. In the year 146 BC the city was destroyed by the Roman general Mummius and built 100 years later by Caesar again. The Apostle Paul preached about 2½ years the gospel and Ancient Corinth at that time had more than 300,000 inhabitants. On the excavation site are the remains of the Apollo temple, the temple of Hera, the porticoes temple leave - dedicated to the Octavia (daughter of the Roman general Gaius Octavius Herrns) - admire the theater and the source of Glauce house.

 

 

                   The Lion Gate of Mycenae 

 

Let's now after about 10 days to the end of our cultural journey. It leads us to Mycenae and the excavation sites, which Heinrich Schliemann excavated in 1876 and the world public made consistently that. By entering this system, we first pass through the great Lion Gate, then the atmosphere of old Greek myths affect us. Here we are now the remains of the palace of the legendary king Agamemnon and his wife Klythemnestra (about 1300 BC). Inspired by the Iliad of Homer, describing the Trojan War, was here in 1876 Heinrich Schliemann found it. World famous discovery of the golden death mask of Agamemnon has made him. It is now on display at the National Museum of Athens. A double row of standing stone panels today formed the ring of the royal tombs. However, fully preserved only the north gate.

 

After a strenuous program we let the "soul dangle in Nafplio". Nafplio is situated approximately 40 km from Mycenae and is the most beautiful town on the Greek mainland. The place is evidence of historical events. Since the 7th century AD Nafplio was a port city of Argos region was settled by the Romans, conquered by the Byzantines from 1246 to 1387 here governed the Franks and were replaced in 1540 by the Venetians in 1828 Nafplio was the first capital of the new Greece. As worth a climb - who else likes or can - fortress Palamidi (walk) -  but also the elevator to the fortress Acronauplia. From the port, we can see the small island fortress Bourzdi see who should protectively guard the bay in the 15th century.Today, Nafplio is a much visited and appreciated holiday destination in Greece, but also calls its prices. We treated ourselves to wind down the day in Nafplio a delicious big icecreme and then make our way to the base: to Evia.

 

We now have two more days to exchange experiences and also look forward to the journey home. With a bottle of house wine as a parting gift of the small hotel where we had our base quarters covered is out and check. The return trip designed, like the arrival - only in reverse order: Nea Styra - Evia Ferry Port - Agia Marina - Athens - Frankfurt - Hannover - at home!

 

I hope you get some information by us who you Greece, Ancient or just the theme "Holiday for 50+" brought closer.

 

2014 - the monks from the Greek mountain ATHOS

 

                       Monk of Mount Athos 

 

This time JUTTA had in choosing our destination a very lucky hand: she chose an area (Chalkidiki), which we did not know. We were surprised at how little the financial crisis had an impact on a clearly visible manner in this part of Greece. Since the Greeks are still dependent on the income of the tourists, we received an excellent treatment for the first time and excellent service. The landscape showed striking green. Nowhere unfinished buildings were to be seen. Everything made a very neat impression. This showed us the impressive round trip by bus across the peninsula Sithonia (middle finger). And the culture came with the boat trip to Mount Athos not too short. But more of that later! 

 

 

                                  Map

 

 As I have described elsewhere, we flew on Sunday, 7 September 2014, from Hannover to Thessalonki, where we arrived after 2.5 hours of flight time. Although we got up at 4 clock, we felt fresh and rested. Almost 30 years ago (1986) I was at the border control Thessaloniki by car a "torture" of more than 2,400 km beyond me! And it always lacked another 600 km to the Peloponnese. Our Tranferbus needed from the airport again 3.5 hours until we arrived at Metamofosis Blue Dolphin Hotel (at the upper end of the Sithonia peninsula). 

 

Although it was raining, we immediately gained a very good impression of the lush sprawling hotel complex, through which we went on our way to our house. The many colorful flowers waiting for the interested photographers. And beautiful summer days we had plenty in this holiday week.

 

 

               From the beach walk to the supermarket

 

 We are used to provide us with drinks themselves. In small kiosk at the hotel there was no alcoholic beverages. A simple supermarket was located about 2 km (direction Metamorphosis, which was 5 km away) in a camp which was obviously getting old. Since this was almost at the water has always been connected with a beautiful beach walk for the beverage purchase for me.

 

 

                       Coastal at the supermarket 

 

The hotel was very isolated and the nearest town was Metamorphosis. We had no trouble. Others complained about the internet boredom that in the "loneliness" came over a few days. We enjoyed the rest of our chairs in the sun, swam some laps in some cool water of the swimming pool and - if us the midday heat to very tormented - we looked for a shady spot under the palm trees. In the early afternoon - after we had tanked enough sun - we moved forward to the cool room. There we enjoyed the peace and quiet was disturbed, however, 20 to 23 clock by loud disco music.

 

 

                                  Swimmingpool

 

 

                                  Sunset

 

 

                        Restaurant in the evening 

 

The dinner was followed always by the same ritual: the restaurant, which was on the first floor, the dinner started at 19 clock. Since the seats were not reserved and we preferred a seat above the swimming pool overlooking the glorious sunsets over the Gulf of Kassandra, we placed us mutually at the entrance to the dining room. After we had reserved our table, we went to the rich buffet arranged. It always tasted excellent.

 

 

                     Mount Athos (2033 m)

 

 After an extensive, multi-day relaxation we were looking forward on Wednesday, 10 September 2014, on the boat trip to Mount Athos. The Holy Mount Athos is an Orthodox monastic republic with autonomous status under Greek sovereignty in Greece. It is located along the eastern peninsula of Chalkidiki peninsula. The territory covers around 336 square kilometers and counts 2262 inhabitants (monks), plus administrative staff, police, business owners and a seasonal changing number of civilian workers. Worth a total there are 20 monasteries on the peninsula. In common usage, the term "(mountain) Athos" either for the whole peninsula of Mount Athos with the monastic state, or even for the actual mountain on the southeastern tip of the peninsula, the 2033 meters high. Women are not allowed to visit and men only on the application monastic state. 

 

                     

                                  Pirate ship

 

 

                                  Pirate

 

The bus took around 8 clock 30 for Port Omnos Panagia. There we boarded a real pirate ship with the beautiful name Menias Maria III. The boat was overcrowded and with great difficulty got JUTTA and I still get a seat. As in any pirate ship, there was a pretty pirate here. I have a keychain with a small photo of JUTTA and the pirates. A beautiful holiday memory! 

 

When we were Mount Athos by boat very close, suddenly fell out of my memory card in the camera. A reserve I had stupidly not there. But we were already on the way to the port Ouranoupolis as I bought a new 4 GB memory card. After returning, I found that I was able to read all the pictures of the defective card. This lively harbor town, it was remarkably warm, since the temperature gauge at the pharmacy was at 33 deg. C. Here we also met the monks of Mount Athos, the fotographierte JUTTA sent.  

 

 

                     Book "Mountain ATHOS" 

 

Against 15 clock was 30 again time for the boat trip back to the output port Omnos Panagia. JUTTA bought a little book about ATHOS monasteries on Mount Athos. She saw this as a compensation for the lack of photos. In the book, I immediately recognized the author, Anestis Vasiliadis, who was a tour guide on the pirate boat. I went to him and asked for an autograph. He was very happy about it. In Germany I wanted to come by e-mail with contacts - unfortunately I failed it. Maybe he reads these lines on the Internet. Similarly, we were doing with the chants of the monks (CD) of Mount Athos. Our buying efforts on the Internet were in vain. 

 

 

                      Eastern beach in Sithonia 

 

Two days later, the tour took place (by bus) the Sithonia peninsula. Sithonia is the middle peninsula of Chalkidiki. The rugged, rather wild landscape of this middle "finger" especially attracts nature lovers and travelers who seek refuge away from the main tourist flow. The coastline is varied: picturesque fishing villages, idyllic small harbors, deserted beaches, lined with bushes and trees. The Sithonia is a symphony in blue and green: the variety of colors and plants, the sky and the sea can hardly be described in words. The imposing!  

 

 

                       View from Cafè

 

 

                 Car in the village Parthenon

 

We had over 7 hours to redeem the fulfillment of these promises. First we drove into the mountains to visit the small village of Parthenon. After a coffee break (ice cream!) We followed in single file to the excellent tour guide on the way through this traffic-free and deserted idyll. Only a cat crossed our path. We enjoyed the unparalleled views.

 

 

                                 Boat friends

 

 

                        JUTTA in Porto Koufo

 

At about 12 clock the trip went on the west coast to the fishing port of Porto Koufo at the southern tip of the peninsula of Sithonia on. There were interesting photo opportunities - for example, a group of elderly Greeks, which had warmly decorated on the back deck of their sailboat. One of the guests asked to take a picture. In typical seaside resort Sarti (on the east coast) we were given two hours for a hearty lunch and other errands. After the excellent Greek meal is JUTTA went on a search for her beloved spices - and they found one! 

 

            

                      Lone Hotel beach

 

  Against 16 Clock 30 we came back to Nikiti where we were already down by morning. Here was a unique opportunity to purchase a wide variety of honey from the bees, flower-rich peninsula Sithonia. After that, it was not far from the hotel. 

 

    On Sunday, September 14, 2014, was the day of return. Although we had indulged in only a week. This was long enough to perfectly relax and take still interesting cultural experiences back home. The blooming and green nature at this recommended spot was unique in September. As may well be the only spring? I can say with conviction:

 

       On the Sithonia peninsula have "Landscape and Culture" turned into a great harmony!

Impressum

Tag der Veröffentlichung: 06.01.2015

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