Tolstoy" and "Tolstoi" redirect here. For other uses, see Tolstoy (disambiguation).
This name uses Eastern Slavic naming customs; the patronymic is Nikolayevich and the family name is Tolstoy.
Tolstoy photographed at his Yasnaya Polyana estate in May 1908 by Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky.
Born Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy
September 9, 1828
Yasnaya Polyana, Russian Empire
Died November 20, 1910 (aged 82)
Astapovo, Russian Empire
Occupation Novelist, short story writer, playwright, essayist
Language Russian, French
Notable works War and Peace
The Kingdom of God Is Within You
Spouse Sophia Tolstaya
Leo Tolstoy's voice
Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (Russian: Лев Никола́евич Толсто́й, pronounced [lʲef nʲɪkɐˈlaɪvʲɪt͡ɕ tɐlˈstoj] ( listen); 9 September [O.S. 28 August] 1828 – 20 November [O.S. 7 November] 1910), also known as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer, philosopher and political thinker who primarily wrote novels and short stories. Tolstoy was a master of realistic fiction and is widely considered one of the greatest novelists of all time. He is best known for two long novels, War and Peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877). Tolstoy first achieved literary acclaim in his 20s with his semi-autobiographical trilogy of novels, Childhood, Boyhood, and Youth (1852–1856) and Sevastopol Sketches (1855), based on his experiences in the Crimean War. His fiction output also includes two additional novels, dozens of short stories, and several famous novellas, including The Death of Ivan Ilyich, Family Happiness, and Hadji Murad. Later in life, he also wrote plays and essays.